City as a Laboratory of Change

Historical Heritage and Place for Safe and Quality Life

Cities surround majority of the world´s population today. They dominate the world both in terms of economy and consumption of natural resources. Cities are also the heart of political decision-making and activism, and the place where technological innovations are applied. Safe and quality life is determined by circumstances and long-term sustainability of constructions, along with the current and future man-made environment. This programme of Strategy AV21 therefore focuses on residential aspects of human existence, considering technical, cultural and social aspects.

Part One explores city as the environment that lends an opportunity to observe and study the city as the fundamental challenge and threat for the future, and to explore its roots and history of transformation of man-made territory. This “laboratory of change” enables to study a city as dynamic space of migration, changing borders and communication networks, as an intellectual and political project, as the bastion of power, as well as mental and cultural space and, ultimately, the environment for urban life.

Part Two approaches human residence from a different perspective. It takes construction and architecture as the central attributes of human conduct and life. From the outset, construction and architecture have been factors that contribute to the creation of human ecosystem. They determine its protection and change, and generate inimitable cultural and historical intervention. Study of material, constructions and technologies is among the most dynamic disciplines of the day. The programme aims to bring together individual institutes. Based on diagnostics, monitoring and modelling it endeavours to develop new methods and processes for new constructions, and for the conservation and restoration of historical heritage.

The common denominator in both Parts is an interest in the perspective of human residential sites vis-à-vis climatic challenges in terms of social and historically created structures, and in terms of technical parameters and resistance of the constructions. The output of the project that bridges technical, natural and social sciences shall be a research that exceeds mental horizons of individual disciplines, and presents findings for the public, and applicable commercially and in public decision-making.

GOALS

  • Interdisciplinary study of cities and their social, cultural and ecological transformation and challenges

  • Development of innovative diagnostic methods of material and of construction lifespan

  • Establishment of a national hub of European infrastructure for research and protection of cultural heritage

  • Application of Medipix CERN technology in diagnostics of heritage objects and art pieces

  • Foundation of a joint institute dedicated to urban studies within the Academy of Science and university sector

 

Cooperating partners

Palacký Univesity Olomouc

Prague Institute of Planning and Development

Faculty of Architecture, Czech Technical University in Prague

 

COORDINATOR

PhDr. Adéla Gjuričová, Ph.D., Institute of Contemporary History of the Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS)

gjuricova@usd.cas.cz

 

DEPUTY COORDINATOR

doc. Ing. Stanislav Pospíšil, Ph.D.,
Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics of the Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS)

Participating CAS Institutes

Global Change Research Institute

Institute of Archaeology, Brno

Institute of Archaeology, Prague

Institute of Art History

Institute of Atmospheric Physics

Institute of Computer Science

Institute of Contemporary History

Institute of Czech Literature

Institute of Ethnology

Institute of History

Institute of Hydrodynamics

Institute of Information Theory and Automation

Institute of Inorganic Chemistry

Institute of Philosophy

Institute of Rock Structure and Mechanics

Institute of Scientific Instruments

Institute of Sociology

Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics

J. Heyrovský Institute of Physical Chemistry

Nuclear Physics Institute